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Known as Windsor Castle is a palace and royal residence located in Windsor, in the county of Berkshire, United Kingdom, notable for its former relationship with the British Royal Family and its architecture. Its origin was a medieval castle started to rise in the eleventh century, after the Norman conquest of England by William I the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I of England (12th century) it has been inhabited by numerous British monarchs, a fact that makes it the second oldest European royal residence after the Royal Alcazar of Seville. [3 ] Some of its luxurious rooms, such as the "State Apartments", are architecturally very interesting and have been described by the historian Hugh Roberts as "a magnificent and unparalleled sequence of rooms widely recognized as the best and most complete expression of the style of the late Georgian period. ” The castle includes the 15th-century St. George's Chapel, considered by historian John Robinson as one of the“ supreme achievements of English perpendicular Gothic design. ”
This fortification was originally designed on a speck and with three walls around a central mound to serve as a bulwark for the Norman conquerors on the outskirts of London and dominate a strategically important area of the River Thames. Its factory was gradually replaced by stone, and at the beginning of the 13th century it suffered a long siege during the First War of the Barons (1215-17). Henry III built a luxurious royal palace within the enclosure in the middle of that century and Eduardo III went further with the reconstruction of the palace, which created a larger set of buildings that would become "the most expensive secular architectural project of the entire Middle Ages in England. ” The core of Eduardo's work survived until the Tudor period (16th century), when Henry VIII and Isabel I gave the castle greater use as a royal court and diplomatic entertainment center.
The complex survived the turbulent period of the English Civil War, in which it was used as a military barracks by parliamentary forces and as a prison for Carlos I. During the Restoration of the Stuart, Carlos II rebuilt much of the castle with the help of architect Hugh May and created a series of extravagant baroque interiors that still cause admiration today. After a period of negligence in the eighteenth century, the kings Jorge III and Jorge IV renovated and rebuilt the palace of Carlos II without repairing expenses to produce the design of the current State Apartments, decorated in Rococo, Gothic and Baroque style. Queen Victoria made minor changes to the castle, which she used as a royal entertainment center for much of her extensive reign in the 19th century. Windsor Castle also served as a refuge for the royal family during the intense bombings of World War II and survived a fire in 1992. Currently, more than five hundred people live and work in Windsor Castle, it is a very attractive tourist attraction popular, headquarters of State visits and the weekend home preferred by Queen Elizabeth II of England. Its facilities include the Royal Library, famous for its collections of drawings by Leonardo da Vinci and Miguel Ángel Buonarrotti.
Our selection of Apartments in Windsor Castle
Parkview Apartments Windsor
The Maple, Legoland and Windsor Apartments
Castle Properties: The Duchess, 3 Bed Family cottage
Flat 60, Longborn
Our selection of Hotels in Windsor Castle
Macdonald Windsor ★★★★new
Castle Hotel Windsor - MGallery ★★★★new
The Oakley Court ★★★★
Holiday Inn Express Windsor ★★★new
Royal Library, Windsor
The Royal Library of Windsor is an office within the Royal Collection Department, within the Royal Household of the British Sovereign. He is responsible for the care and conservation of the royal collection of books and manuscripts that belong to the sovereign due to his official position, unlike those that belong privately to him and are displayed in the Sandringham House Palace, Balmoral Castle and other places.
Although any collection of real books always requires a Librarian, the current office dates from 1836, when the book collections were consolidated at Windsor Castle. The office was only admitted to the Royal Household at the end of the 19th century. John Glover, appointed in 1836, held the position until 1860. Two Librarians dominated much of the twentieth century: Sir Owen Morshead (1926-58) and Sir Robin Mackworth-Young (1958-85).
The Librarian now handles the Royal Library, Windsor, and the Drawing Cabinet. The latter contains the real collections of drawings and prints, whose main treasures are the sketches of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. The Librarian organizes exhibitions and loans, recommends purchases and advises the publications of the Royal Library and the Drawing Office, as well as the history of Windsor Castle.
Since 2002, she has served as Lady Jane Roberts. Before it, the librarians were not professionals, and they relied on the figure of the Curator of the Drawing Cabinet, and the Bibliographer of the Royal Library, for professional advice in relation to their respective collections.
See also Royal Collection.
Our selection of Apartments in Royal Library, Windsor
Central Windsor Apartment Facing the Castle
Hampden Apartments - The Henry
Hampden Apartments - The Anne
Accommodation Windsor Ltd - The Courtyard
Our selection of Hotels in Royal Library, Windsor
Innkeeper's Collection Old Windsor ★★★★new
The Manor Hotel ★★★new
The Christopher Hotel ★★★new
Sir Christopher Wren Hotel & Spa ★★★★new
St. George's Chapel (Windsor Castle)
St. George's Chapel (in English: St George's Chapel) is a prayer space located in Windsor Castle in England, United Kingdom; It is used as a place of royal worship and as the chapel of the Order of the Garter. It is located in the lower part of the castle, which is one of the main residences of Queen Elizabeth II.
It is administered by the Dean and the Windsor canons, which are part of the local chapter of the College of St. George. The Society of Friends of St. George and Descendants of the Knights of the Order of the Garter, a charity organization, was established in 1931 to assist the school in maintaining the chapel.