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Szczecin (/ ˈʂt͡ʂɛt͡ɕin /; in German, Stettin) is the capital of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. In Spanish it is traditionally known by its name in German.
Szczecin is situated on the banks of the Oder River south of the Szczecin Bay and the Pomeranian Bay. The city extends along the southwest shore of Lake Dąbie on both banks of the Oder.
Its economy is marked by its position as one of the main ports of the Baltic Sea with a large maritime traffic and a notorious naval industry. The city also concentrates important food, chemical and cement industries.
The city of Szczecin preserves notable Gothic monuments: the old town hall (1423) and several churches built between the 13th and 14th centuries. Also notable is the Ducal Castle of Szczecin in the Renaissance style, which was the residence of the Dukes of Pomerania. Of the old fortifications, it preserves the Berlin Gate (1726-40), home of the current patriotic museum, and the King's Gate (1726).
It was a German city until 1945, when the allied powers, not without reluctance of Great Britain, the United States and France who wanted it to remain German, without any historical reason, folded to the demands of the USSR, and took it from Germany and they granted it to Poland. It must be said that in this decision neither Germany (which did not formally exist as a country), nor Poland took part at all.